CASPER - Child Advanced Safety Project for European Roads
The objectives of CASPER are to reduce fatalities and injuries of children in traffic accidents. This project will address two main aspects: (1) the improvement of the efficiency of child protection through the development of innovative tools, such as new sensors, dummy models and child human models, completed by test procedures in frontal and lateral configurations, with associated injury criteria; (2) the analysis of the reasons and consequences of misuse of child restraint systems and of the influence of the real conditions of transportation of children, as compared to the certification test procedures. The main deliverables will be the improvement of biomechanical behaviour of existing dummies associated to new measurements sensors, as well as dummies and child human numerical models, with improved test procedures, which will allow solving the issues for improvement of children protection.
The CASPER consortium consists of 14 partners who all have a long experience in the field of child safety.
EPOCh - Enabling Protection for Older Children
To date, the regulations in the field of child safety have relied on the P-series child dummies as restraint loading devices. The projects of CREST and CHILD have worked on the development of more biofidelic dummies, the so-called Q-series that, amongst others, include injury limits for the neck and chest compression. These dummies are now in use in the NPACS assessment program. However, no dummy is available for older children in the age of 10/12 years. The EPOCh project therefore aims to develop a prototype 10/12 year old Q-dummy and develop rating protocols to include child restraints for older children and will make proposals for child restraints in the ECE Regulation if the Q-series will replace the P-series in the future.
The EPOCh consortium consists of five partners: two industry (seat supplier, test equipment provider), two research organisations and one university.
THOMO - Development of a finite element model of the human thorax and upper extremities.
THOMO is a medium scale initiative that answers to the Global Human Body Models Consortium regarding the thorax model. The project will create and maintain biofidelic finite element models of the human thorax including upper extremities which will be usable at the segment, organ and tissue level. It will focus on the research, development, and validation of the human thorax region models, which include the body components of the thorax, the shoulder complex and the upper extremities for the 5th, 50th, and 95th percentile of each gender. These tools will represent every road user anthropometry, be used for every test configuration (either lateral or frontal) with every loading device type and assess injuries at the organ and tissue levels.
The THOMO consortium consists of five partners: one industry and four universities (including one US University).
THORAX - Thoracic injury assessment for improved vehicle safety
The medium scale THORAX initiative will focus on reduction and prevention of thoracic injuries, being one of the dominant causes for fatalities and injuries in car crashes. The general objective of THORAX is to develop the required understanding of injury mechanisms and governing parameters that will enable the development of improved design and assessment tools for vehicle safety systems. In order to maximise the safety benefits gained from new vehicle technology for different genders, ages and sizes, these tools will have to be much more sensitive to the in-vehicle occupant environment compared to today.
The THORAX consortium consists of 12 partners: five industry (two representatives of OEMs, two suppliers, one test equipment provider), three research organisations, three universities (including one US university), one consultancy firm.